THE HISTORY OF ALANYA
It is not yet known by whom or when Alanya was built. Alanya was from the beginning called Coracesium and was a very small city with few citizens. It is said that the people who came to Coracesium were people who spread after the Trojan War. In year 1226, sultan Alaadin Keykubat conquered the city after five years of fight. The former name Coracesium was replaced to Alaiye, which means Alaadin´s city. Alaadin was the one who constructed the fortress on the 300 meters high cliff between the years 1226-1232. The fortress was built to protect the city against enemies. The wall around the fortress is 6 km long and has 140 watchtowers. The starting point of the fortress is the 33 meters high Red Tower. The tower was built to keep the harbor under surveillance and to protect the important shipyard called The Seljuk Shipyard. Alaadin also thought that Red Tower should symbolize the Turkish rule over the sea. The city was called Alaiye until year 1934 when the former president and great leader Mustafa Kemal Atatürk renamed the city to Alanya because he allegedly dismisses the name.
The Red Tower and the great wall
The Seljuk Shipyard